Not everyone knows what sinusitis is. But this disease is quite common, and if it was badly started, then complications are possible. Usually, people, suffering from a cold, do not seek to handle this problem to experienced specialists. As a rule, people consider the disease insignificant. However, if you don’t deal with this health problem as soon as possible, you risk getting negative consequences. Antibiotic therapy is an important component in the treatment of infection of facial sinuses. In some cases, to eliminate flora, the doctor prescribes tetracycline drugs. In this article, we will talk about the use of the antibiotic Doxycycline to treat sinusitis.
What is Sinus Infection?
Sinus is the defeat of the sinuses, depending on the localization of the inflammatory process, the diagnosis may sound quite different. So, if the maxillary sinuses involved in the process are located between the lower boundaries of the orbit and the upper teeth, the disease will be called a maxillary sinusitis.
If the sinuses are affected, having a wedge shape, which are located behind the latticed maze (which is located between the eyes), then the diagnosis will sound like sphenoiditis. If the diagnosis is frontalitis, it means that the frontal sinuses that are in the eyebrows are inflamed. Therefore, to know what sinusitis is not enough, it is still necessary to understand how specific manifestations of this disease are called.
So, the disease usually begins with the defeat of one of the available sinuses: a lattice labyrinth, maxillary, wedge or frontal. If the treatment was not carried to the full extent or was incorrect, all the other sinuses may be involved in the inflammation process.
What are the possible causes of sinus infection?
Sinus infection, like any other disease, develops for certain reasons. Sinusitis can occur in both acute and chronic forms. In the chronic stage, the disease passes if the treatment was not started on time or was done completely wrong. But not everyone knows what the sinusitis in acute form is and why it takes place. Apparently, this is the reason for its wide prevalence. Unfortunately, no one is immune from this disease.
Usually, sinusitis has an infectious origin, that is, its origin provokes a variety of viruses, fungi and bacteria. And this disease can contribute to various anatomical features of the structure of the nose of a person, for example, a curved nasal septum. Often, sinusitis develops due to some allergic reaction. Sometimes this disease provokes cystic fibrosis or rhinitis. Divers and smokers are predisposed to sinusitis. Therefore, everyone should know what sinusitis is.
Symptoms of the disease:
Knowing what sinusitis is and what its main symptoms are, you will be able to turn to an experienced otolaryngologist on time. Symptoms of sinusitis, occurring in acute form, are:
- nasal voice,
- purulent cold,
- headache, which you can’t get rid using medication,
- swelling of the face,
- fatigue, weakness and pallor, which are caused by insufficient intake of oxygen into the body,
- stuffy nose for a long time.
It is also necessary to know how sinusitis manifests itself in the chronic form and what its symptoms are. Usually, sinusitis, which has already passed into the chronic stage, is accompanied by all of the above symptoms, but in a less pronounced form. Exacerbations of such a chronic disease as sinusitis can be triggered by the following factors:
- head trauma;
- various dental diseases that occur for a long time;
- reduced immunity, which can be caused by such serious diseases as immunodeficiency or diabetes mellitus;
- taking medications that cause a decrease in the body’s resistance to various diseases;
- polyps in the sinuses and nose;
- a curved nasal septum;
- infections of various origins (viral, fungal or bacterial);
- smoking, taking drugs or alcohol;
- contact with a person suffering from sinusitis.
Of course, a person who has learned from his own experience what sinusitis is, will agree that the symptoms of this disease are extremely unpleasant. Usually, the reason for going to an experienced otolaryngologist is symptoms such as headache, nasal congestion, runny nose, shortness of nasal breathing, cough, sensations of pressure in the eyes, nose, or cheeks.
For some specific symptoms, a qualified otolaryngologist will immediately determine which sinus is affected. Sinusitis usually manifests a very severe pain in the forehead, which becomes particularly pronounced if the patient lies down. The patient will also be bothered by pain in the area around the eyes, in the area of the cheekbones and upper jaw. On the cheekbones, around the eyes and in the area of the upper jaw will be noticeable edema and hyperemia.
But the etmoiditis can be accompanied by pain in the inner corners of the eyes and in the throat. The symptom of sphenoiditis is double vision. Everyone who wants to know what sinusitis is, should remember that this disease is almost always accompanied by a slightly elevated temperature. But for the chronic form of this disease toothache is also characteristic.
Does Doxycycline Treat Sinus Infection?
Doxycycline has a wide spectrum of action. It inhibits the growth and development of the majority of microorganisms found in sinuses. The sensitivity of the atypical flora to the action of Doxycycline is high. The drug is active against chlamydia and mycoplasmas. In addition, the antibiotic is used for targeted therapy of urogenital infections caused by these pathogens. Therefore, doxycycline can be used in case of suspicion or detection of atypical flora in sinusitis.
Stability of bacteria to this group of antibiotics is formed rather slowly. The drug acts on protein synthesis in a microbial cell. However, if the infectious strain is able to resist any antibiotic from the tetracycline group, then it is pointless to use such drugs. They will not be effective. The main indications for the appointment of Doxycycline in genyantritis:
- resistance of bacteria to the first line drugs;
- suspected atypical infection (mycoplasma, chlamydia);
- hypersensitivity to penicillins and macrolides.
How Does Doxycycline Work for Sinus Infection?
Doxycycline is a drug that is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream after ingestion. It is not destroyed by stomach acids, so you can take it regardless of food. However, the instruction recommends that you take off capsules or tablets with plenty of water. An important requirement for an antibiotic for sinus infection is the ability to accumulate in large quantities in liquids and tissues. This drug fully meets this requirement. It creates high concentrations in secrets and tissues, which enhances the effect of the drug on pathogenic bacteria. The drug is excreted from the body through the kidneys and the gastrointestinal tract. When there are chronic compensated diseases of the liver and kidneys, there is no need to reduce the dose of the substance.
Doxycycline for Sinus Infection Dosage
Treatment of sinusitis requires the appointment of medium doses of the drug. A regular tablet or capsule of Doxycycline contains 100 mg of the substance. On the first day of intake, you need to take 2 tablets. In the following days, the dose is reduced by 2 times. The course of therapy for sinusitis is 5-7 days. In a chronic process – 2 weeks.
Doxycycline can be used in children older than 12. Calculation of the dose depends on the weight of the child. The average dosage for mild infections is 4 mg / kg (decreases 2 times from the second day of admission). Particular attention should be paid to the drug form of the drug. Doxycycline is available in the form of capsules and soluble tablets. Soluble tablets are absorbed more fully in the body, while the frequency of side effects decreases. In addition, they are convenient to dose. They are divided into halves, which can be dissolved in water to form a slurry.