In chlamydia, various groups of antibiotics are used, which in the complex must destroy chlamydia. Among these drugs, there is also Doxycycline, which we will discuss in detail today. The drug can be taken as a fixed asset, or use an integrated approach. Treatment of chlamydia not only with Doxycycline, but with any other drugs should be prescribed taking into account the specifics of the disease.
What is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is an STD (a sexually transmitted disease), the causative agent of which is the chlamydia microorganism (Chlamydia trachomatis). Its peculiarity is that at a certain stage of development it can behave like a bacterium, and on another – as a virus. The disease is often asymptomatic and difficult to diagnose and differentiate. It can affect not only the genitals, but also the urethra, rectum, joints, eyes. Sloughing of the pharynx is rare. Infection usually occurs during sexual intercourse of a person infected with chlamydia with a healthy, through the mucosa of the vagina or rectum.
Particular cunning of chlamydia is that they come in different forms. Chlamydia differ from each other only by special structures on the surface of the cell, which help them attach to human cells of a certain type. Depending on this, they are denoted by Latin letters: A, B, Ba, D-K, I-3. For example, Chlamydia I-3 causes a tropical disease – venereal lymphogranuloma; the most studied chlamydia D-K – affect the genitals, and chlamydia that cause trachoma – a serious eye disease.
The risk of infection in this way, especially in the presence of micro-injuries, is very high. Less commonly, chlamydia is transmitted by the household way. But this microorganism does not live long outside a person, and may not accumulate enough bacteria to intervene in the body of a healthy person. This reduces the likelihood of such a method of infection, but still such cases occur. Infection, for example, can occur through bath accessories (bast, towel), toilet bowl, and sometimes through the bed linen.
In rare cases, infection can occur by airborne droplets, with chlamydial bronchitis or pneumonia in the patient. But such cases are very difficult to prove and diagnose. Sometimes, chlamydia can be transmitted from mother to child. This occurs during childbirth, when the child passes through the infected birth canal. In such situations, children have conjunctivitis, bronchitis and pneumonia. It must be remembered that a mother infected with chlamydia is a high risk for the child.
Symptoms of Chlamydia can be called one of the most controversial diseases, since the disease can occur almost without symptoms. If they appear, they can differ in no way from the usual inflammatory processes (mucus, purulent discharge, aching pelvic pain, burning sensation when urinating).
Therefore, in the presence of these signs, it is often impossible to detect chlamydia. To diagnose this disease, it is necessary to resort to targeted analysis of the DNA of the pathogen by means of a polymer chain reaction. The problem is that the diagnosis of most patients is made after a long time after the appearance of the first symptoms. After all, with time, the activity of the symptomatology fades, the disease flows into a chronic form, which is more difficult to cure.
There is also a risk of delayed complications with involvement of the pelvic organs and other organs and systems. For women, this form of chlamydia is fraught with infertility, which occurs due to inflammation in the fallopian tubes and the formation of an adhesive process in them. In men, chlamydia can cause prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland), urethritis.
The course of therapy is more voluminous and prolonged than with other pathogens. This is due to the fact that they quickly develop resistance to drugs or are initially insensitive to them because of uncontrolled antibiotic intake by our patients who prescribe them themselves. Despite this, urgent treatment of chlamydia is a prerequisite to avoid complications in the long term. The course of treatment is prescribed only by a doctor.
Does Doxycycline Treat Chlamydia?
Treatment of chlamydia is always a complex process, so simply using Doxycycline cannot give an exact guarantee that the disease will be eliminated. At once, it can be noted that the treatment process depends on the:
- stage of the disease, it is an acute or chronic stage of chlamydia,
- degree of sensitivity of the patient to the drug,
- individual characteristics of the body,
- presence of associated infections that affect treatment.
Nevertheless, the drug shows a high rate of a positive outcome of treatment – at the level of 95% of all cases, it is possible to get rid of chlamydia. If we are talking about a chronic illness, then the doctor can prescribe several combined courses. As for the affiliated infections, it is necessary to combine the use of Doxycycline with other drugs of the tetracycline series.
Before the appointment of a combination treatment it will be necessary to undergo an analysis for chlamydia, and to determine not only the underlying but also the concomitant disease. Based on the results of the analysis, a treatment regimen is already selected.
Doxycycline Dosage for Chlamydia
It is possible to offer the most standard scheme of Doxycycline, which will look like this:
- The course of admission is calculated for 7-14 days (depends on chlamydia), take 1-2 capsules per day.
- The daily dose is calculated at 100-200 mg.
- In extremely rare cases, the doctor may prescribe 2 mg of the drug throughout the course.
Doxycycline can be taken at any stage of chlamydia. Among the main recommendations, the following can be proposed:
- The drug is washed down with a glass of water.
- Ideal time of reception – after meal.
- During the course of the course, it is recommended to drink plenty of fluids.
- It is not recommended to drive when taking the drug.
Together with the administration of Doxycycline, the treatment regimen includes Vitamin D and calcium. Such a complex allows minimizing the effect of tetracyclines on the state of bone tissue. With an excess of Doxycycline, the drug begins to accumulate in the bones. During the course of therapy with Doxycycline, you need to pay attention to diet.
This approach has a positive effect on the course of treatment, because the use of antibiotics always increases the load on the liver and destructively affects the state of the microflora of the intestine or vagina in women.
Doxycycline with chlamydial conjunctivitis: regarding the administration of the drug to children, for example, with chlamydial conjunctivitis, the use of the drug for a child after 8 years is allowed. The weight of the child must exceed 45 kg. On the first day, a dose calculated according to the scheme of 4 mg of the drug for each kilogram of weight is taken. That is, if a child weighs 50 kg, then on the first day 200 mg of Doxycycline is prescribed.
The following days – 2 mg per kilogram of weight. The use of the drug during pregnancy and feeding is prohibited. This is due to the fact that the antibiotic is able to penetrate the placenta in the womb of the continent to the child.
It is very important not to change the dosage of the drug during treatment and completely follow the developed scheme. The main problem here is that with incorrectly selected treatment, the disease simply turns into a chronicle, and chlamydia can develop resistance to the drug. However, another common mistake is the fact that often patients with the first signs of improvement stop taking the drug, reducing the effectiveness of therapy to zero.
Immediately after the course, probiotics will be needed to help restore the microflora of the body. And, of course, treatment for chlamydia with Doxycycline should be performed by both sex partners, without this, successful treatment is impossible, and relapse will happen almost instantly.