One of the most common diseases of the upper respiratory tract is bronchitis. There are many reasons for this problem, but the main issue remains the treatment and administration of antibiotics. Doxycycline in bronchitis is a proven drug for fighting bacteria, first synthesized in the 60s of the last century. According to the World Health Organization, it is considered one of the best and necessary drugs for human health.
What is Bronchitis?
Bronchitis is an inflammatory disease. This inflammation affects the mucous membrane of the lungs and bronchial tree. Bronchitis can be of two types: acute and chronic. Symptoms of acute bronchitis last from a few days to three to four weeks. Such symptoms are typical for all acute respiratory diseases, which occur with a lesion of the bronchial tree. Symptom of chronic bronchitis is an incessant cough. The cause of this type of bronchitis is prolonged smoking and respiratory tract damage.
All diseases of our body are caused by contamination of the gastrointestinal tract. So, chronic bronchitis, no matter how many people are surprised, is also to a certain extent connected with this. It is often believed that most people with bronchitis are over 50 years old, but this is not entirely true. Of course, age plays a role, but bronchitis often affects people who are exposed to harmful environmental conditions, with poor ecology, poor nutrition, hypothermia, poor living conditions. And also people with low body weight.
Causes of bronchitis:
- heredity – congenital deficiency in the body of alpha-1-antitrypsin;
- an unfavorable ecological situation, namely, the saturation of the atmosphere with various harmful gases and dust.
There are many other, secondary causes of bronchitis, for example, passive smoking, alcoholism, domestic conditions, etc. Bronchitis develops very rapidly in those cases when there is a permanent damage to the mucous membranes, bronchial tubes by any particles in the air. Another cause of bronchitis is the climate, not very favorable for humans, namely: constant dampness, frequent changes in weather conditions, fogs.
When the mucous membranes and bronchi are permanently damaged by some kind of smoke, dust, other particles, this is a kind of “push” to a constant increase in sputum production, which means that it often requires coughing, in order to eliminate phlegm from the respiratory tract of the patient with bronchitis. Smoking is the cause of bronchitis number 1, as statistics say that smokers, regardless of sex, suffer from chronic bronchitis 3-4 times more often than those free from this harmful habit.
Chronic bronchitis progresses faster, if in the bronchi for a long time there are foci of infection, microbes. For example, bronchitis exacerbates chronic tonsillitis, as well as delays in the flow of blood in a small circle of circulation. If a person has ever had attacks of acute bronchitis, then he has increased chances that he will develop chronic bronchitis.
If during the bronchitis infection is infected, the situation in this case is far from the best, since the infection even more increases the volume of excreting mucus, besides, the given liquid begins to resemble pus in composition.
Exacerbations of chronic bronchitis often occur with the direct participation of staphylococci, pneumococci, streptococci and infection – both mycoplasmosis and viral. Most people in the winter, cold period of the year gets an infection of the bronchi, the respiratory throat – i.e. the upper respiratory tract. In patients with chronic bronchitis, the penetration of harmful bacteria is deeper, they pass up to the lungs, so in winter, patients with bronchitis often have sharp exacerbations. Such a viral illness as influenza also aggravates the course of bronchitis, so during the epidemics of the flu, very frequent attacks of acute bronchitis are recorded.
Symptoms of infectious bronchitis:
If a person has an easy infectious bronchitis, then it is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Dry cough, which with the course of the development of the disease will go into the wet;
- The appearance of a feeling of weakness, increased fatigue;
- Feeling of discomfort in the area of the chest;
- Increased body temperature (sometimes to subfebrile markings, sometimes much higher);
- Listening hard breathing and wheezing;
- Laboratory blood tests do not detect infection.
When infectious bronchitis has an average severity, the sick person experiences the following symptoms:
- Suffers from a severe cough, which, due to muscle strain, causes pain in the chest and abdomen;
- Experiences a feeling of weakness and general malaise;
- Breathing becomes difficult;
- During the cough, sputum is separated from the impurities of pus, or it becomes completely purulent.
If the patient has an allergic bronchitis, then it will occur with the direct contact with the allergen. It can be house dust, plant pollen, perfume odors, household chemicals, animal hair, fluff of birds, etc. In case of an allergic type of disease, sputum is never purulent, there is no rise in body temperature. As a rule, all symptomatology disappears after contact with the allergen ceases.
How to Use Doxycycline for Bronchitis Treatment?
Doxycycline is a semi-synthetic substance from the tetracycline series. Active ingredient that actively influences pathogenic microorganisms are such components as monohydrate, calcium salt and hydrochloride. These compounds constitute the main complex in the fight against inflammation of the bronchi.
This drug is available only for internal administration in the form of tablets and capsules of 100 or 200 mg. For intravenous administration is used in extreme severe cases, is issued as a white powder in ampoules for breeding.
Doxycycline Dosage for Bronchitis
In the case of intravenous administration of the Doxycycline drug, experts advise to create a high concentration of the active substance for inhibition and complete destruction of the purulent-inflammatory process of pathogenic bacteria. It is desirable if the pill is impossible or difficult to take, so doctors apply progressive therapy and, ultimately, use the drug from intravenous fluid to capsules or tablets.
- Children over 6 are recommended to take 4 mg per kg, and then the concentration of the substance 2 mg per kg is used starting with the 2d day. In children weighing more than 45 kg, dosage and reception are the same as in adults. It is not recommended to start using the drug without the medical consultation.
- Adults: The first day, it is recommended to take 200 mg of the drug (1 capsule in the morning hours and 1 in the evening). Since the following day, 1 capsule is taken per day.
In severe, chronic forms of pathology, a single dose of 200 mg is prescribed throughout the course.
The duration of the Doxycycline drug is determined by the attending physician, but is more often represented by 10 days. It is required to continue to take Doxycycline according to the prescription, regardless of the symptomatic manifestations. That is, the course should continue for another 1-2 days even with the normalization of the body’s overall temperature and the absence of cough.